علم البيئــــــــــة

نوفمبر 30th, -0001

ECOLOGY


BIOL 4341


 


Dr. Abdel Fattah N. Abd Rabou


Ph.D. Environmental Studies


(WILDLIFE ECOLOGY)

Department of Environmental Studies – Al-Neelain UniversitySudan


 


Biology Department, Faculty of Science, The Islamic University of Gaza


E-mail: arabou@iugaza.edu


University Telephone No.: +970 8 2823311 Ext. 2651; Fax No.: +970 8 2863552


 


The Course Description


 


Ecology is often defined as the distribution and abundance of organisms, their interactions with the environment, and their interactions with other organisms. In this course we will examine (1) the factors that determine the geographic distribution of various species, (2) the conditions that influence the number of individuals within populations, species, and communities, and (3) the variables that influence the structure and function of ecosystems. We will also examine the fundamental principles and issues of ecology and consider their relevance to issues such as global as well as local environmental issues.


 


The Course Objectives


 


Ecology integrates much of what you have learned in previous biology courses while focusing on higher levels of organizations (populations, communities and ecosystems). The goal of this course is to present the fundamental principles, and current topics, of ecological theory and practice, and help you evaluate the living world around you. A secondary is to help you develop and improve your skills in scientific writing of reports.


 


The Lecture Schedule


 






















































Week


Topic Covered


1


Introduction to Ecology and ecological concepts


2


The individual


3


Autecology


4


Physiological ecology: Organisms and the environment


5


Physiological ecology: Organisms and the environment


6


Physiological ecology: Organisms and the environment


7


Principles of ecosystems and ecological succession


MIDTERM!


8


Energy flow within ecosystems


9


Nutrient cycles


10


Population ecology: Dynamics and regulations


11


Population ecology: Dynamics and regulations


12


Ecology of biotic communities


13


Diversity of the world biomes


14


Environmental issues of global concern


15


Environmental issues of local concern


16


FINAL


 

Teaching Techniques

 


- Lectures and discussions using overhead projector and LCD


- Report and essay writing


- Field trips


- Midterm and final exams


 


The Course Textbook


 


Abd Rabou, A. N. (2007): Lecture Notes on General Ecology. Biology Department, The Islamic University of Gaza, Palestine.


 


The Course References


 


        ·             Chapman, J. L. & Reiss, M. J. (1995): Ecology: Principles and applications, Cambridge Low Price edition, 294pp.


        ·             Smith, R. L. (1986): Elements of ecology. 2nd ed., Harper & Row Publisher Inc., New York, 677pp.


        ·             Kumar, H. D. (1999): Modern concepts of ecology, Eighth revised ed., Vikas Publishing House PVT Ltd., New Delhi, 478pp.


        ·             Begon, M. and Mortimer, M. (1992): Population ecology: A unified study of animals and plants, 2nd ed., 1st Indian Reprint, UBS Publisher’s Distributors Ltd., 22pp.


        ·             Stiling, P. (1992): Introductory ecology, Prentice – Hall, Inc, New Jersey, 597pp.


        ·             Emberlin, J. C. (1983): Introduction to ecology, Macdonald & Evans Handbooks.


        ·             Odum, E. P. (1983): Basic ecology, Saunders College Publishing, New York, 613pp.


        ·             Putman, R. J. and Wratten, S. D. (1984): Principles of ecology, Croom Helm, London, 388pp.


        ·             Robinson, W. L. and Bolen, E. G. (1984): Wildlife ecology and management, Collier Manmillan, London, 478pp.


        ·             Mabberley, D. J. (1983): Tropical rain forest ecology, Blackie, London, 156pp.


 


The Course Evaluation


 


Essay                                                                     10%

Practical Ecology                                                     25%

Mid-term Exam(s)                                                   15%

Final Exam                                                             50%


__________________________________________________        


Total                                                                    100%