Practice Clauses II

Clause exercises   II

Clause exercises

Exercise 1

Clauses

A clause is a group of related words.  A clause has both a subject and a predicate.  There are two types of clauses.

Independent Clause – An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence.  Here is an example: We walk to school.  This sentence expresses a complete thought and can stand alone.

Dependent Clause - A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence.  Here is an example: when the cake is done baking  This clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone.

Directions: Identify each of the clauses as independent or dependent.
1.  when Mr. Jones yelled
Independent   Dependent
2.  I enjoy the opera
Independent   Dependent
3.  unless it comes today
Independent   Dependent
4.  although I lost the library book
Independent   Dependent
5.  they’re going on a picnic
Independent   Dependent
6.  mom found it in the drawer
Independent   Dependent
7.  the fifth graders sang
Independent   Dependent
8.  when the movie is over
Independent   Dependent
9.  I decided to go along
Independent   Dependent
10.  the strength of the man might
Independent   Dependent
11.  we’re planning to have a party
Independent   Dependent
12.  when I’m finished reading
Independent   Dependent

Exercise 2

Instructions: Identify the underlined phrase or clause.

1. Steven’s book, which made Oprah’s Book Club this month, is not in any stores.

a. independent clause    b. restrictive clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

2. While preparing for the speech, Joe worried about his entrance.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

3. Allen wants to visit his friends before he returns to work.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

4. The girl who found the fossil raced home to tell her parents.

a. independent clause    b. restrictive clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

5. When we finished painting the house, the owner offered us milk and cookies.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

6. After they completed the questionnaire, the participants were asked to cover their eyes.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

7. Albert’s brother, the director of the company, is only 23 years old.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

8. The cat will be happier after the dog is sent to the kennel.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

9. Francis visits his sister, but she doesn’t come to see him.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

10. Until someone does something about that dog, there is no way Carlton is delivering the mail.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. restrictive clause

11. Winded by the effort, the man struggled up the stairs.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

12. The computer she found in the dumpster works well.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. restrictive clause

13. The kangaroo that ran in front of the truck startled us all.

a. independent clause    b. restrictive clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

14. Karen thinks that supporting both teams is ridiculous.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

15. Her sister, who resented being left at home, drew on the walls with her crayons.

a. independent clause    b. restrictive clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

16. Wes looked for the door that was marked with a star.

a. independent clause    b. restrictive clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

17. Praying for salvation, she took her first step toward recovery.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

18. Walter hopes winning the lottery will solve his problems.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

19. Pablo visited the NFL Hall of Fame, which was his dream.

a. independent clause    b. restrictive clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

20. The group could find the way home by using the stars to navigate.

a. independent clause    b. dependent clause    c. phrase    d. non-restrictive clause

Exercise 3

Underline the independent clause:

  1. Some of us liked last night’s performance, but many people did not.
  2. We stayed at the airport after the plane had taken off.
  3. David bought two tickets and gave them to his business partners.
  4. The sculpture in front of the museum was removed because many people complained that it was ugly.
  5. He is excited about his new job, and he is ready to work.

Underline the dependent clause:

  1. Before he sat down, he wiped his seat.
  2. After they finished writing their papers, they went to the underground.
  3. The Spencers own the house that stands near the lake.
  4. The book that won the award had not been expected to win.
  5. He took the writing class because he wanted to improve his own composition.

Underline the independent clauses and enclose the dependent clauses in parentheses:

  1. If he does not turn in his paper, he will not pass the course.
  2. James could have done his own work, although he did not think so.
  3. Meg was very irritable at dinner because she had been working on her graduate school essay all day.
  4. The book she read confused her, but she gave her report to the class, who also became confused after hearing her.
  5. The prospective teacher seemed very intelligent until he spoke.

Combine each of the following into one sentence using an independent and a dependent clause:

  1. Dar Williams is appearing at Dickinson. She has performed on many college campuses.
  2. Mr. Johnson typed the mailing list. It included all the customers in two cities.
  3. The menu followed the same pattern each week. It did not offer the students much variety.
  4. Professor Smith was selected as the committee clerk. She understands the central issues.
  5. This May my housemates and I are going on a trip. The trip will consist of hiking in Wales and Ireland.

Exercise 4

Review: Noun, Adjective, and Adverb Clauses

See if you can determine the function of the hilighted dependent clause in each of the following passages. Remember that a noun clause answers questions like “who(m)?” or “what?”; an adjective clause answers questions like “which (one)?”; and an adverb clauseanswers questions like “when?”, “where?”, “why?”, “with what goal/result?”, and “under what conditions?”.


  1. Some people buy expensive cars simply because they can.
  2. Many people hope that Canada can resolve its economic problems.
  3. The bankers need to know what they should do.
  4. Which one is the person who stole your car?
  5. Wherever there is a large American city, there will be poverty.
  6. The books which the professor assigned were very expensive.
  7. Canada might give up its marketing boards if the European Community gives up its grain subsidies.
  8. That is the place where Wolfe’s and Montcalm’s armies fought.
  9. Unless the crown can make a better case, the accused murderer will not be convicted.
    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

10.  It is important to ask whether the wedding is formal or semi-formal.

    1. noun clause
    2. adjective clause
    3. adverb clause

Exercise 5

Select the option that best describes the arrangement of clauses within each sentence. Sometimes the description will refer to only the underlined part of a sentence. Read all the options carefully before making your choice.

1. Before Raoul bought his new car, he remembered that his grandmother might give him her old sedan.
The independent clause is “Before Raoul bought his new car.”
The independent clause in this sentence contains only two words.
There are two independent clauses here.

2. Alicia’s wrist began to hurt, and her mother made a doctor’s appointment for her.
The underlined part is the sole independent clause here.
The real independent clause begins with “and.”
This sentence contains two independent clauses.

3. Zipping around the park in her little sportster, Juditha began to feel, at last, like a millionaire.
The underlined part is the independent clause.
Trick question: there is no independent clause.
The independent clause begins with “Juditha.”

4. Although Jerzy had taken several courses in computer science, he couldn’t solve the problems with his hard drive.
The underlined part is the independent clause.
The independent clause begins with the word “he.”
The sentence contains two independent clauses.

5. The Celtics have begun their long journey back to championship basketball, working seriously on fundamentals and beginning to attract new fans to the game.
The sentence is one long independent clause.
The sentence contains two independent clauses.
Only the underlined part is the independent clause.

6. Ernesto wanted to spend the night studying, but his wife had other ideas.
The sentence contains two independent clauses.
Only the underlined part of the sentence is an independent clause.
The sentence is one long independent clause (with a compound verb).

7. The crowd began to clap and cheer as the team entered through a cloud of smoke.
The sentence contains two independent clauses.
The independent clause begins with the word “as.”
The underlined part is the independent clause.

8. Gordy worked his way up to middle management but kept on wishing for a better job.
The underlined part of the sentence is the independent clause.
The sentence is one independent clause.
The sentence contains two independent clauses.

9. Gesualdo began to leap around the room when his wife fed him the jalape?o peppers.
The independent clause is the part of the sentence not underlined.
The independent clause is the part of the sentence that is underlined.
The sentence contains two independent clauses

10. Heitor signed the contract but never agreed to purchase the CDs.
This sentence contains two independent clauses.
The underlined part is the complete independent clause.
The entire sentence is one independent clause.

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