Lecture 20: Bunyan, Dryden & Satire
“The Pilgrim’s Progress” (1678)
The text is an allegory.
It uses the technique of dream-vision, like medieval texts.
The main character, Christian, goes into a journey to the world “to come”.
He faces all sorts of difficulty from the Giant Despair
The aim is to question the false values of the world.
The text stresses the Christian faith.
“The Pilgrim’s Progress” is considered close to the Bible.
John Wilmot: “A Satire against Mankind”
I’d be a dog, a monkey, or a bear, ?
Or anything but that vain animal,?
Who is so proud of being rational.
Plots, true or false, are necessary things,
To raise up commonwealths and ruin kings.
“Absalom and Achitophel”
The rest to some faint meaning make pretence,
But Shadwell never deviates into sense.
Dryden’s “The Secular Masque” 1700
Thy wars brought nothing about;
Thy lovers were all untrue.
‘Tis well an old age is out,
And time to begin a new.